The Ectothermic Vertebrates

Objectives for the chapter and helpful videos/songs/charts are listed below. This is not an all inclusive list of the content, but it is an excellent place to start or review! The videos are used as a study tool and may cover more or less than what we will cover in class. I will not test you on anything we did not cover in class, unless stated otherwise.


Introduction to Phylum Chordata

The Chordates 17.1 (Pg.391-393)

  1. List and describe the characteristics of the phylum Chordata
  2. Explain the major differences between the three subphyla of Chordata
  3. Discuss the limitations of being ectothermic versus endothermic

Vertebrate Support and Movement 17.2 (Pg. 394-396)

  1. Contrast the endoskeleton with the exoskeleton, giving advantages of each
  2. List the major divisions of the vertebrate skeleton
  3. Name the major structures and functions of the typical vertebrate circulatory system
  4. Distinguish between the three vertebrate feeding strategies, giving examples of each
  5. Compare the three methods of vertebrate reproduction
  6. Name the five major lobes of the vertebrate brain with the major function of each

Vertebrate Behavior 17.3 (Pg.396-398)

  1. Define behavior as it applies to animal
  2. Describe the three main types of vertebrate behavior, giving an example of each

The Fish

Class Osteichthyes 17.4 (Pg. 398-405)

  1. List and describe the characteristics of Osteichthyes
  2. Trace the circulation of blood through a typical fish
  3. Describe the structure and function of the gills in fish
  4. Identify and describe the function of four structures of the fish nervous system
  5. Explain the steps of oviparous reproduction in fish

Classes Agnatha and Chondrichthyes 17.5 (Pg. 406-408)

  1. Contrast the habits of the hagfish and the lamprey
  2. Name three ways cartilaginous fish are different from bony fish
  3. Compare the skates and rays with the sharks, giving three differences

Class Amphibia: The Amphibians

Introduction to Amphibians 17.6 (Pg. 409-413)

  1. Identify one example for each order in the class Amphibia
  2. List and describe the characteristics of the class Amphibia
  3. Discuss metamorphosis in frogs, using terms related to diet, habitat, and respiration
  4. Compare the amphibian circulatory system with that of the fish

Structure and Function in the Frog 17.7 (Pg. 413-417)

  1. Trace the path of food as it passes through the frog’s digestive tract
  2. Name and describe the four possible means of respiration for the frog
  3. Describe frog reproduction, including all relevant structures

Class Reptilia: The Reptiles

Characteristics of Reptiles 17.8 (Pg. 417-419)

  1. List and describe major characteristics of the class Reptilia
  2. Describe and give the functions of each part of the amniotic egg
  3. Compare the different styles of reptilian hearts with the amphibian heart
  4. Give evidence to support the argument that man and dinosaurs coexisted

Classification of Living Reptiles 17.9 (Pg. 420-426)

  1. Distinguish between the four surviving reptilian orders, giving an example of each
  2. Describe several ways that snakes move
  3. List three ways that snakes can kill their prey
  4. Contrast the structure of lizards and snakes

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