Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

Objectives for the chapter and helpful videos/songs/charts are listed below. This is not an all inclusive list of the content, but it is an excellent place to start or review! The videos are used as a study tool and may cover more or less than what we will cover in class. I will not test you on anything we did not cover in class, unless stated otherwise.


What Is a Human?

In the Image of God 20.1 (Pg. 488-491) 

Note: read information on these two objectives in the book

  1. Describe the basic levels of human behavior
  2. Discuss the differences between animals and humans

Human Tissues, Organs, and Systems 20.2 (Pg. 492-495)

  1. Summarize the differences between anatomy and physiology
    1. Anatomy Definition
    2. Physiology Definition
  2. Demonstrate the proper use of anatomical terms of direction
    1. Anatomical Directional Terms
  3. List and describe the four basic human tissues
    1. Four Types of Tissues- Image
    2. Four Types of Tissues- Webpage
    3. Adorable Child Sings about the four types of tissues
  4. Identify the major areas and cavities of the human body
    1. Major Human Body Cavities
      1. Note: Slightly different from book in that it includes abdominopelvic cavity and pelvic cavity. Thus, you will not have to worry about knowing the names of those two cavities on an assessment.

The Integumentary System

The Skin 20.3 (Pg. 496-498)

  1. Describe the functions of the integumentary system
    1. Functions of the integumentary system- Webpage
    2. Integumentary System Song- Mr. Parr
  2. List and describe the layers of the skin
    1. Layers of the Skin
      1. Note: Also covers sebaceous and sweat glands

Hair and Nails 20.4 (Pg. 498)

  1. Describe human hair and nails
    1. Structure of a human nail- Image
    2. Structure of a human hair
    3. Cool Facts about Hair and Nails

Skin Glands 20.5 (Pg. 498-500)

  1. Compare and Contrast sebaceous and sweat glands
    1. Sweat vs Sebum- Webpage
    2. See “Layers of skin” video above

The Skeletal System

Bone Anatomy and Physiology 20.6 (Pg. 500-504)

  1. Identify the major bones of the human body
    1. Major bones of human body- Image
    2. Bones Song- Mr.Parr
  2. Describe the anatomy of a typical long bone
    1. Long Bone Anatomy – Drawn & Defined
    2. Structure of a Long Bone- Diagram
  3. Explain how bones grow in length and diameter
    1. Development of a bone

Joints 20.7 (Pg. 505-507)

  1. List the major types of joints in the human body
    1. Three types of joints- PP slide Image
    2. Movable Joints- Chart
  2. Describe the anatomy of a typical joint
    1. Typical Synovial Joint

The Muscular System

Muscle Anatomy 20.8 (Pg. 507-509)

  1. Compare the three types of human muscle
    1. Muscles Make You Stronger Song- Mr.Parr
    2. Three types of muscle tissue- Image
  2. Describe the structures of a typical skeletal muscle fiber
    1. Muscle Fiber- Image

Muscle Physiology (Pg. 510-511)

  1. Describe the muscle contraction process
    1. Muscle Contraction Process
    2. Sliding Filament Cartoon
  2. Explain muscle fatigue
    1. Muscle Fatigue
    2. Muscle Fatigue- Wikipedia

Muscles and Body Movements (Pg. 511-515)

  1. Differentiate between muscle origin and insertion
    1. Muscle Origin & Insertion
  2. Describe the function of muscle groups
    1. Prime mover, Synergist, Antagonistic muscles

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