The Central Dogma- DNA to RNA to Protein

Objectives for the chapter and helpful videos/songs/charts are listed below. This is not an all inclusive list of the content, but it is an excellent place to start or review! The videos are used as a study tool and may cover more or less than what we will cover in class. I will not test you on anything we did not cover in class, unless stated otherwise.

The Central Dogma- DNA to RNA to Protein

Structure and Function of DNA and DNA Replication (Pg. 52-53)

  1. Identify what DNA is and how it works
    1. What is DNA and how does it work?
    2. What is DNA- Interactive Tutorial
    3. Build your own DNA molecule!
    4. “All about that Base” Song
    5. DNA Song- Mr. Parr
  2. Describe a gene
    1. What is a gene?
    2. What is a gene- Tour
    3. Explore the Anatomy of a Gene
  3. Describe the basics of DNA Replication
    1. DNA Replication Game
    2. Overview of DNA Replication


Transcription- Formation of RNA from DNA (Pg. 53-54) and Types of RNA (Pg. 93)

  1. Compare and Contrast RNA with DNA
    1. Explore the Similarities and Differences between DNA and RNA
    2. Why RNA is just as cool as DNA
  2. Identify the different types of RNA and their functions
    1. Types of RNA
    2. Image of three types of RNA
    3. Essential roles of the three RNA molecules- Interactive
    4. The lesser known functions of RNA
  3.  Describe the process of transcription
    1. Overview of Transcription
    2. Initiation, Elongation and Termination
  4. Differentiate between introns and exons and understand the basics of mRNA splicing
    1. RNA Splicing Animation
    2. mRNA Anatomy before and after mRNA splicing

Translation- Protein Synthesis from RNA  (Pg. 91-95)

  1. Describe Translation and how it works
    1. Big Picture of how Proteins and synthesized in Eukaryotes- Picture
    2.  Protein Synthesis and the Lean, Mean Ribosome Machines
    3. mRNA Translation
    4. Transcribe and Translate a Gene
    5. Protein Synthesis Song (Extremely informative!)
  2. Understand how to read a codon chart
    1. Reading a Codon Chart
    2. Codon Chart Image
  3. Explain what a protein is and its function
    1. What is a protein- tour

DNA, RNA, Protein Concept Map


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