Cell Structure and Function

Objectives for the chapter and helpful videos/songs/charts are listed below. This is not an all inclusive list of the content, but it is an excellent place to start or review! The videos are used as a study tool and may cover more or less than what we will cover in class. I will not test you on anything we did not cover in class, unless stated otherwise.


The Structure of Cells

Cell Theory 3.1 (Pg. 56-58)

  1. Outline the events that led to the development of the cell theory
    1. The wacky history of cell theory
  2. State the Cell Theory
    1. Cell Theory Song
  3. Discuss the relationship between cell size and surface area
    1. Volume vs Surface Area for Cells

Levels of Cellular Organization 3.2 (Pg. 59-60)

  1. Differentiate between unicellular and multicellular organisms
    1. Unicellular and Multicellular
    2. Major Differences between Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms- Webpage
  2. Distinguish between colonial organisms and organisms containing organ systems
    1. An example of a Colonial Organism- Volvox
    2. An example of a organism containing organ systems…YOU!

Cellular Anatomy 3.3 (Pg. 60-70)

  1. Explain the difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
    1. Cell Flow Chart
    2. Venn Diagram of Differences Between Eukaryotic vs Prokaryotic Cells
    3. Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells
  2. Describe the structure and function of the cell membrane
    1. Cell Membrane Rap
  3. Describe the difference between a cell wall and a cell membrane
    1. Cell wall vs Cell Membrane
  4. List the major organelles in a cell and describe their function
    1. Cell Organelle Song- Mr.Parr
    2. Cell Organelles and their Functions Chart
  5. Describe the nucleus and its structures
    1. The Nucleus

Cells and its Environment

Homeostasis 3.4 (Pg. 70-73)

  1. Relate homeostasis to the living condition, understand dynamic nature of homeostasis, and explain how all living organisms have an optimal range, optimal point, and range of tolerance for living conditions
    1. Homeostasis Song- Mr.Parr
    2. Explanation of Homeostasis and its Functions
    3. Body Temperature maintained by Homeostasis
  2. Describe the effects of tonicity- hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic solutions on a cell
    1. Explanation of Hypertonic, Hypotonic and Isotonic
    2. Tonicity Chart
    3. Ways to Remember Hyper, Hypo, Iso meanings

Transportation Across the Membrane 3.5 (Pg. 74-76)

  1. Compare and contrast passive transport (diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis) and  active transport
    1. Cell Transport Song- Mr. Parr
    2. Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion & Active Transport: Movement across the Cell Membrane
  2. Describe the differences between carrier proteins and channel proteins
    1. Channel Proteins
    2. Webpage on Difference Between Carrier Proteins vs Channel Proteins
  3. Compare and contrast endocytosis and exocytosis
    1. Endocytosis and Exocytosis
    2. Webpage Description of Differences between Endocytosis and Exocytosis

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